Classification of brain electrophysiological changes in response to colour stimuli
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KünyeGöksel Duru, D., & Alobaidi, M. (2021). Classification of brain electrophysiological changes in response to colour stimuli. Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine, 44(3), 727-743.
In this study, the classification of ongoing brain activity occurring as a response to colour stimuli was managed and reported. Until now, the classification of the seen colour from brain electrical signals has not been investigated or reported in the related literature. In this study, we aimed to classify EEG brain responses corresponding to blue, green, and red coloured shapes. In addition to the current literature, we focused on ongoing EEG responses instead of using ERP metrics, with visual stimulus-related ERP metrics also compared throughout the study. The feature extraction process was carried out using the Fourier transform to obtain the conventional band power values of the EEG for each stimulus type. Delta, theta, alpha, beta, and gamma-band power values of each one-second period constituted the feature set. In addition to scalp measurements, a second feature set was obtained based on the inverse solution of the EEG waves. Furthermore, we applied one-way ANOVA for the feature selection prior to classification procedures. Four classifiers were implemented using the reduced feature set and the raw one as well. The differences between scalp responses were localized mainly around the temporal and temporoparietal regions. Our ERP-component findings support the fact that additional brain regions among the visual cortex participate in the colour categorization process of the brain. RGB colours were identified using 1 s EEG data. Ensemble-KNN and KNN achieved the highest accuracy values (93%) when used either with scalp spectral features or source space features.